Psychological Types

What's your type? Are you an ESFP? INTJ? ENFJ?

If you are familiar with these questions and the four-letter combinations then you probably have been exposed to Carl Jung's psychological types. Like most people, you probably learned about psychological types from having been exposed to the Myers and Briggs Type Indictor® (MBTI®)--one of the most widely-used personality questionnaires in the world.

If you are not familiar with these questions and the letter combinations, don't worry. There are plenty of websites to help you learn more about Jung's psychological types and the MBTI®. The links section contains a number of these sources. The design of Political | Types assumes that the visitor will have some knowledge of Jungian psychological types and the MBTI®. If you are new to this topic, we suggest that you start by reading the "Introductory Readings" on psychological type provided at the following sites: The Center for the Application of Psychological Type (CAPT) website and The Myers & Briggs Foundation (M&BF) website. Both sites contain an overview of key concepts related to Jung's psychological types and the MBTI®.

We suggest you start with the M&BF site and particularly the section on "My MBTI Personality Type--MBTI Basics." This section will introduce you to the basic preference dichotomies: Extraversion and Introversion, Sensing and Intuition, Thinking and Feeling, and Judging and Perceiving.

Once you have learned about the basic preferences be sure to read about "Type Dynamics" and "Type Development". Many people only learn about the basic preferences and thus miss some of the richness of the realities of "type."

At some point you might want to complete a questionnaire about your psychological type preferences. If so, please make sure you consider the validity and reliability of the questionnaire. To date, the MBTI® is the most validated instrument, although there are other versions available on the web. The links sections will lead you to a couple of these instruments. If you do choose to complete one of these questionnaires, please keep in mind they are of unknown validity and reliability.

If you would like to complete the MBTI®, we suggest you contact APT or CAPT for a referral or ask your teacher, pastor, or career counselor. Many of these individuals are qualified to administer and interpret the MBTI® and do so for free or a nominal fee.



Myers-Briggs Type Indicator and MBTI are trademarks or registered trademarks of the Myers-Briggs Type Indicator Trust in the Unites States and other countries.

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