May 2008 Poll - Discussion

Overview of Correlations

Given the realtively small number of resondents to the May 08 Poll, we first looked at simple relationships between the following poll variables: type preferences (E-I, S-N, T-F, J-P), age, sex, self-identified liberal-conservative orientation, political party identification, and the Opposition to Equality (OEQ) sub-scale from the Social Dominance Orientation (SDO) questionnaire, "...a measure of an individual's preference for hierarchy within any given social system."

The results of the correlation analysis indicated:

  • Sensing types and Thinking types reported a more conservative political orientation whereas Intuitive types and Feeling types reported a more liberal political orientation. Although the small number of Sensing types in the May Poll require these S-N results be viewed as tentative, the results are similar to findings for each of the other polls as well as other research. The significant results for the relationship between T-F preferences and liberal-conservative political orientations is interesting when compared with the results from the February Poll which showed a near-siginificant effect (p = .07) between these two variables in an ANOVA using only the type preferences, and a significant effect when demographic variables were added.
  • Feeling types were less likely than Thinking types to report attitudes supporting Opposition to Equality (OEQ) on the SDO subscale. Thus, Feeling types were more likely than Thinking types to agree with such attitudes as "Increased social equality would be a good thing" and "All groups should be given an equal chance in life." These results are consistent with results from studies using the full SDO questionnaire and a measure of the Five-Factor Model of personality in that higher Agreeableness scores (similar to F preferences) have been associated with lower SDO scores on the total SDO questionnaire.
  • Liberal political orientations were negatively associated with higher experessed OEQ on the SDO subscale whereas conservative political orientations were positively associated with higher expressed OEQ. These results are consistent with other studies using the total SDO questionnaire and the conservative principle of variety as stated by conservative philosopher Russell Kirk:

...conservatives pay attention to the principle of variety. They feel affection for the proliferating intricacy of long-established social institutions and modes of life, as distinguished from the narrowing uniformity and deadening egalitarianism of radical systems. For the preservation of a healthy diversity in any civilization, there must survive orders and classes, differences in material condition, and many sorts of inequality. The only true forms of equality are equality at the Last Judgment and equality before a just court of law; all other attempts at levelling must lead, at best, to social stagnation. Society requires honest and able leadership; and if natural and institutional differences are destroyed, presently some tyrant or host of squalid oligarchs will create new forms of inequality.

  • Self-identified party affiliation (Democratic, Republican, Independent, etc.) was significantly related to self-identified political orientation as liberal-conservative, and to the OEQ subscale of the SDO questionnaire. In general, Democrats provided higher liberal scores and lower OEQ subscale scores whereas Republicans provided the opposite.

The above results suggest that numerous variables from the poll are correlated. Thus, in the following analyses, we used multiple regression analysis to account for these multiple correlations.

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